How to store distilled water doesn’t have a one size fits all solution. To store 500ml, GHS bottles can do, but for 5 gallons, you need a collection bottle with the capacity of 12 gallons. Want to store even more? Get HPDE Tanks. So, I’ve compiled 10 most suitable options from lightest, cheapest to largest.
How to store Distilled Water
Distilled water may go wasted if not stored properly. Here’s how you do it:
- Store in Aspirator Bottles
- Store in PYREX Glass Serum Bottles
- Using a KIMAX Solution Bottles
- Narrow-Mouth Right –To-Know LPDE Wash Bottles can be useful too
- Good old Collection Bottle
- Polythene Reservoir Bottle
- GHS Compliant Wash Bottles
- Water Storage Tanks For Fi-Stream 3 Stills
- Thermo Scientific Nalgene
- HPDE Tanks
Distilled water is a product of a scientific process called distillation, which has been practiced since AD 200. Water is heated to the boiling point, and the rising vapor is cooled back to liquid form. Distilled water is very pure because the impurities in water vaporize in temperatures over 100 degrees Celsius. It is, therefore, the purest form of water.
Aspirator bottles are made from polythene papers. They are very light hence are recommended for storing water for use in the laboratory. Aspirator bottles are very effective for keeping distilled water because it comes with a leak-proof spigot knob.
The leak-proof knob is held tightly to the aspirator bottle by a spiral screw, which opens with a half-round turn. The tight cork reduces the number of wastages when students are doing practice in the lab. Aspirator bottles do not break when it falls because it is light and soft.
PYREX Glass Serum Bottles
They are made of thick glass to stand hot pressure exerted on the walls by hot air or steam. Pyrex glass bottles are suitable for storing distilled water immediately after the distillation process. It is specially designed to store any sterile media.
These storage bottles have a broad base for optimum stability. Distillation is a time-consuming process; hence every liter of distillate should be handled with care. The Pyrex bottle has a tight glass cork that keeps distilled water safe from any impurities.
KIMAX Solution Bottles
KIMAX bottles are made of glass. They have a sloping neck design for holding when pouring distilled water. A KIMAX bottle comes with a leak-proof rubber stopper that prevents liquids from spilling.
The bottle can hold up to 5 gallons of distilled water. With a KIMAX bottle, you are assured of the purity of your distilled water as long as the cork is not opened.
Narrow-mouth Right –to-know LPDE Wash Bottles
They are the best bottle for storing distilled water is study labs. The bottles have International Chemical Society labels that make identification of contents easy. It reduces lab accidents, which claims many lives because distilled water and other chemicals can be transferred effortlessly without leakages.
On December 9th, 2009, Sheri, a young lab technician, died of fire burns caused by spillage of tert-Butyllitium, which exploded into flames. This shows the importance of using the right equipment when handling lab items like distilled water.
Collection bottles are made of glass. With a maximum capacity of 12 gallons, collection bottles are ideal for collecting water in distillation centers. Collection bottles are mechanized to control the amount of distilled water flowing into and out of the bottle.
The tough glass walls used in manufacturing the collection bottles can withstand pressure from steam. Distilled water in the collection bottles can last as long as the bottle is closed.
Polythene Reservoir Bottle
Using a polythene reservoir bottle is the cheapest way of storing distilled water. The bottles are made of polythene, making them very affordable. A polythene reservoir bottle has a maximum capacity of 6 liters.
When students have practical lessons, lab technicians prepare distilled water and store it in polythene reservoir bottles. These bottles have an overflow tubing that spills off excess water. It also has an outlet tap that makes draining distilled water easy for students.
GHS Compliant Wash Bottles
GHS wash bottles are very simple and small bottles used to store distilled water in labs. The wash bottles have a jet tip that ensures precise pouring of distilled water. Risk phrases and safety tips are printed on the wash bottles to educate users on the best ways of handling lab chemicals.
In 2015, new regulations necessitated companies producing wash bottles to print the safety information on wash bottles. GHS and OSHA HAZCOM 29 CFR 1910.1200 for workplace labels are mandated with ensuring compliance. These bottles can store 500ml of distilled water.
Water Storage Tanks for Fi-Stream 3 Stills
The strong lab tanks have a capacity of 40 liters. The tank can be mounted on a strong stand because it has a slightly bigger capacity compared to other modes of storage. It has an inbuilt vent filter that prevents entry of any contaminants. A spigot is also mounted at the base for easy dispensing of distilled water.
The tank is perfect f0or distilled water production plants because of the distribution accessory kit. It distributes distilled water o other tanks when the distilled water surpasses capacity. Moreover, it has a small window where you can see the distilled water levels.
Thermo Scientific Nalgene
They are large square bottles which are leak proof. The Thermo Scientific Nalgene bottles are mostly found in chemical laboratories. They are made of thick plastic, which is very durable and chemical resistant.
It has a handgrip molded inwards that makes it easy to handle. When pouring distilled water, then you can still grip the Nalgene bottle firmly even after slight spillage. The material used to make Nalgene bottles is 100mm wide.
Companies producing distilled water for human consumption use high-density polythene tanks. It is a cheaper way of storing distilled water with food-grade quality for longer periods of time. The HPDE tanks are preferred because they can withstand slight impacts ad corrosive materials.
Moreover, HPDE tanks can be customized and built to a size of choice. HPDE tanks provide the optimum conditions that distilled water needs. Most of these tanks are translucent hence allowing a limited amount of rays. With the reduced rays and cool temperatures, distilled water can last for years.
How to Clean Containers for Storing Distilled Water
Distilled water can spoil if exposed to impurities. Cleaning containers properly is, therefore, mandatory to ensure that the distilled water is safe. Use soap and water to clean your container. After pouring the soapy water, you can use ammonia to clean any tough substances like oils.
Finally, rinse the container with clean water and leave it to dry.
How to Tell that Distilled Water is Bad
Proper stored distilled water cannot go bad. It can go bad a few days after opening the bottle. If you notice a slight change in the smell of distilled water, it is probably because of the container. A significant change in smell means the distilled water is spoiled.
Any sport of impurities in the container also means that the distilled water is spoiled. When distilled water goes bad, discard it because it is not safe to drink.
Distilled Water vs Purified Water
Distilled water and purified water are both forms of H2O with different amount of impurities. . The distillation process removes all the impurities in distilled water. Purified water, on the other hand, has some level of contaminants.
There are different simple remedies you can use to reduce impurities in drinking water at home. Boiling is the simplest and cheapest way that is widely used to purify drinking water. To meet the purified water threshold, the amount of dissolved impurities should be less than ten parts-per-million.
Why do Batteries Need Distilled Water
One of the safest ways to enhance the efficiency of your inverter batteries is by adding distilled water. All Lead-acid batteries contain an electrolyte solution. This solution comprises a mixture of water and sulphuric acid. Distilled water is used since it is pure (free from impurities).
It, therefore, cannot introduce ions that would clog the electrolyte. Before adding the distilled water, it is essential first to check the battery’s water level indicator.
Lead-acid batteries use electrolytes, which are heated up to produce vapors when the battery is charging. To get an electrolyte, mix sulfuric acid and distilled water. Distilled is crucial in protecting plates in battery cells from suffering any damage during the electrolysis process.
Lead-acid batteries are very powerful, and if maintained properly, it lasts for years. Sulfation, which makes leads lose capacity, causes 80% of acid battery malfunctions. Drivers hardly check the levels of distilled water in their batteries. Installing a device like smart blink helps because it notifies you when distilled water levels drop below ¾.
Remember, this should be done after charging the battery. You should watch out not to overfill or underfill the battery with water.
How to Make Distilled Water from Natural Precipitation
Precipitation is a natural phenomenon that results in distilled water. Water in the land vaporizes and condenses in the atmosphere. It then falls as precipitation, which is a natural form of distilled water. Collect it with a clean jar.
Distilled water occurring from precipitation is pure and safe for drinking. However, if you are in big cities where there is serious air pollution, do not drink precipitated distilled water. It can be impure because of the impurities it picks up from the air.
How to Make Distilled Water using Steam
To make distilled water at home, you need a metal bowl to hold water, a source of heat and two collection bowls. Fill the metal bowl with water and ignite the heat source. Set another bowl with cold water above the metal bowl and wait for the water to boil to boiling point.
At 100 degrees Celsius, start collecting water that condenses from the bowl with the cold water. The condensed water is very pure. Store the distilled water in a clean container. Be careful because accidents can occur during the process. Over 1.1 million burn injuries are treated yearly in the USA, with over 4500 succumbing to the burns.
Distilled Water FAQs
Distilled water has a wide range of uses, but many people often misuse it. There are a lot of myths about distilled water. You should read and understand how to store and use distilled water properly.